Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment: A Panel Data Analysis for Sub-Saharan African Countries

Semra Boğa

Abstract


The aim of this study is to investigate the determinants of FDI inflows in Sub-Saharan African countries. In this study, panel data analysis was performed by using annual data from 23 countries for the period of 1975-2017. The Pesaran (2004) Cross-Section Dependence Test was performed to test correlation and IPS Unit Root Test was applied to reveal the stationary level between the units. Based on the PMG estimator results GDP growth, trade openness, domestic credit, natural resources and telecommunication infrastructure are all found to be the determinants of FDI inflows in Sub-Saharan countries in the long term. But, in the short term, only the GDP growth and trade openness determines the FDI inflows.


Keywords


Foreign Direct Investment; Panel Data Analysis; Sub-Saharan Africa; Capital Flows; Determinants of FDI

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/emaj.2019.175

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